Right backend for the Mobile App Development

Golap Gunjan Barman
5 min readSep 25, 2020


Creating a mobile app is impossible without choosing the right backend for it.

We are going to give you several workable mobile app backends that usually use to help you know the process of app development in a better way.

Why we need a backend? In simple terms, if we want to make our app rules more efficient, accessible, and fast, we used a backend that helps you to process the internal rules of your app.

What is the role of the backend for mobile app development?

Mobile app development needs a meaningful amount of time, critical thinking, research, and market analysis before development. The basic steps of the development will include:

  • Planning (business rules planning, requirements gathering, reviewing best practices)
  • Functions and features (exact functions and features of your mobile app).
  • UI/UX Design (creating wireframes, form the task list, create mockups)
  • Frontend development (a real prototype inside the app)
  • Backend development (API, backend architecture, and quality control)
  • Testing (functional testing, integration testing, user testing, device & unit testing, and bug fixing)
  • Deployment (ensure backup)
  • Maintenance & Support (provide user and client experience)

The main role of the backend in mobile app development is to ensure the proper work of:

  • databases,
  • scripting, and
  • the structure of the app.

In other words, backend mobile app development is the code that will help you to connect the database information and the browser to your app frontend.

The steps to remember while building a backend for a mobile app:

  • Write down the backend and frontend responsibilities
  • Decide a goal and get them working
  • Design and code for the API
  • Design the database
  • Use Programming language to implement the API
  • Deploy the project

Roles and responsibilities of Backend Developer

  • Get the app’s goals and to offer the best solutions to fulfill them.
  • Store data and ensure that it is displayed to the user.
  • Develop Payment processing systems like accepting data, securely storing, and making the charge.
  • Manage APIs resources across devices.
  • Know about building frameworks or architecture.
  • Implement algorithms and solve all kinds of system-related problems.

What technologies are used in mobile app development?

The backend architecture is based on an

– application server,

– webserver, and

– a database.

Usually, mobile apps require data synchronization across the platform, as well as the ability to send alerts and notification messages.

Most of the open-source options choose the MVC pattern for web architecture stacks and use core libraries to access databases, security, and session management. There are some of the most popular technologies used in the backend for mobile apps:

  • Ruby on Rails: Coding language that has been created for more than 10 years. It has a large community and a great number of gems available to build modern web applications.
  • Express/Koa/Sails (Node.js): Mostly known as Node, a part of the Javascript stack. It works on an event-driven model and has a large community and packages.
  • Django: A programming language to code in Python. Today it’s one of the most popular languages with a great community. With its help, you can write simple and clear code.
  • PHP MVC frameworks: Recently one of the most popular backend options in the world. There are several frameworks like Laravel, CodeIgniter, Zend, CakePHP, Symfony, and a huge community as well.
  • Google Firebase: An option for fast application developments. Has some important features to get a backend up and running fast.

What mobile application functions are provided with backend development?

There are several things you need to make sure before starting to incorporate a backend for your mobile app. The most common functions to use while developing mobile apps are:

Using cloud server — Now everyone can afford cloud servers that come of different sizes and are stored in a safe location. The most popular cloud servers are Google App Engine and Amazon AWS, they are commonly used by large companies and are very reliable.

Using a custom server — You can always create your server for your mobile app. Or ask a software development company like

MBaaS — “Mobile Backend as a Service”. If you don’t want to write your backend servers or invest in a cloud-based server, that is your option.

Cloud mobile backend

A cloud service has three distinct features that distinguish it from regular web hosting:

  • It is sold on demand, typically by the minute or the hour;
  • It is elastic — a user can have as much or as little of a service as they want at any given time
  • The service is fully managed by the provider

The cloud-based backend help developers with the following tasks:

  • physical app server;
  • database;
  • client-server library;
  • admin control panel;
  • API design;
  • hosting.

The building, connecting, testing, and monitoring mobile backend services using Google Cloud Platform is easier nowadays as there are many services you can use now while developing mobile apps. Let’s look at some of them:

  • Firebase is a platform for building iOS, Android, and web apps that is responsible for automatic data synchronization, file storage, analytics, authentication services, messaging, etc.
  • App Engine standard environment — an app platform that is making monitoring, updating, and scaling the hosting environment.
  • Endpoints Frameworks is a platform that generates APIs, client libraries, and discovery documentation for an App Engine app.
  • Compute Engine is an app platform that allows you to create and run virtual machines on Google infrastructure. You can fully control this process.
  • The Cloud SDK has some tools and libraries that are made for designing and managing resources on GCP.
  • Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM) is a cross-platform that allows you to reliably deliver messages and notifications to client devices on your app.
  • Cloud Security Scanner is responsible for finding security vulnerabilities in your App Engine web apps.

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Golap Gunjan Barman

Hi everyone, myself Golap an Android app developer with UI/UX designer.